World Diabetes Day 2018
While World Diabetes Day on 14th November may be for one day only, the millions of people around the globe with the condition live with it every day.
The aim of World Diabetes Day is to raise awareness of diabetes and what it’s really like to live with it every day.
Essentially, diabetes is about the body’s ability (or lack of it) to produce the required amount of a hormone called insulin to control glucose levels in the blood. There are broadly two types of diabetes:
In Type 1 diabetes, the body stops producing insulin so the patient requires daily administration of artificial insulin by means of injection or insulin pump, combined with healthy eating and exercise. As Type 1 diabetes usually develops in children and young adults (although it can occur at any age) it is often referred to as ‘early onset’.
In Type 2 diabetes, the body still produces insulin but not enough for the body’s needs and the insulin it does produce is not used effectively – this is known as insulin resistance. 90% of adults in the UK with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes and the condition is more generally managed by a combination of dietary control and medication in the form of tablets.
Did you know?
• Over 4 million people in the UK are living with diabetes.
• By 2025 it is estimated there will be 5 million people with diabetes in the UK.
• An estimated half a million people in the UK have diabetes and don’t even know it.
• Around 700 people a day are diagnosed with diabetes. That’s the equivalent of 1 person every 2 minutes.